- a little on weaving


There are many different techniques used to create a rug with a flat surface, most of which are difficult to explain in text (also very tedious reading!), so here are a few examples of what some of the different techniques look like.

Kilims and other flat weave rugs are mostly made on vertical looms (some of the more nomadic weavers still use horizontal looms). The basic construction is of rows of vertical threads (warps) and rows of horizontal threads (wefts) which pass over and under each vertical thread.

slit weave Slit weave - as the name suggests, where the colour changes a vertical slit is left. Most kilims are made in this way.
soumak Always referred to as: Soumak (technically incorrect, it is Weft Wrapping - but who can pronounce weft wrapped rugs?) The weft passes diagonally over the warp, producing a herringbone effect.
cicim Cicim (pronounced gee-jim (Turkish)). The design is created by the weft (blue and white threads) passing over the plain weave (red) ground.


Zili - similar to cicim, only the wefts pass over the plain ground in horizontal rows.


dovetail Dovetail - where the colour changes no slits occur, as alternate colours pass over the same warp, this leaves a less defined pattern.

Still weaving - please return
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